stress relief tools

Self Esteem Theory

Every self esteem theory must begin with a theory of the Self.
What is the Self?

Interest in the concept of self, self concept, and self esteem can be seen throughout history. The phrase "Know thyself" has been used since ancient Greece. But it is not until the middle of 20th century when interest in the theory of self became considerable. Around this time, definitions of self and self-theories began to emerge.

Self was defined as:

The person's attitudes, feelings and evaluations of oneself. As well as a process of thinking, remembering and perceiving.

~Hall and Lindzey


Individual's attitudes towards self.

~Secord and Backman


Self is the unifying force of personality. Individuals reject that which does not fit their value structure and accept that which does. Self is consistent with these values.

~Prescott Lecky


Environment and heredity are basic elements of personality. Life scripts of the individual determine how self is created.

~Alfred Adler


Self organizes personality traits, determines consistency among them, and adds structure.

~Raymond Cattell


As you can see, many definitions of self emerged. All these definitions have a common unifying element - the "self" or "self-concept" is vitaly important.

But, let's go back to the self esteem theory. At the beginning, I said that it was important to begin with the theory of self. So, what is the link between self (or self-concept) and self esteem?

According to psychologists Diane Frey and Jesse Carlock:

Self esteem is a judgement placed on the emotional, intellectual, and behavioral aspects of the self-concept.

This judgment (positive, negative, or neutral), is very subtle and is constantly present.

Indeed, Nathaniel Branden, an authority in the field of self esteem, has this to say:

There is no value judgment more important to man - no factor more decisive in his psychological development and motivation - than the estimate he passes on himself.

This estimate is ordinarily experienced by him, not in the form of a conscious, verbalized judgment, but in the form of a feeling, that can be hard to isolate and identify because he experiences it constantly; it is part of every other feeling, it is involved in his every emotional response.

~Nathaniel Branden (The Psychology of Self Esteem, 1971)


To continue reading about self esteem theory click here.

Related Articles:

Importance of Self Esteem
Definition of Self Esteem
Quotes about Self Esteem
Perfectionism - The Dangerous Trap




Return from Self Esteem Theory, to Stress Relief Tools


Words of Wisdom

The time to relax is when you don't have time for it.
~Sydney J. Harris

Tension is who you think you should be. Relaxation is who you are.
~Chinese Proverb

There cannot be a stressful crisis next week. My schedule is already full.
~Henry Kissinger

Humor, a great stress reliever!
Laugh, be happy and have less stress!
~Catherine Pulsifer




| Home | Contact | Privacy Policy|

Copyright© 2015 All rights reserved.
ALL content on is for informational purposes only. The information on this website is not intended to diagnose, treat or cure any disease or other medical condition. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. If you have any concerns or issues, please seek the advice of a qualified health care professional.

Return to top